Covid-19 Research

Original Article

The Hidden Challenge: Preventive Practices of Sexually Transmitted Illness Among College Students in Western Ethiopia: The Case of Nekemte Town: A Mixed Methods Study

Start Submission

Objective: The study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude and preventive practice of college students towards Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) including HIV/AIDS in Nekemte town, western Ethiopia.

Result: Institutional based descriptive cross sectional study design triangulated with in-depth interview method was employed on 403 randomly selected quantitative and 12 purposively selected in-depth interview samples. Quantitative data was obtained by self-administered questionnaire. About forty percent (39.7%) of the respondents had sexual practice in their life. Females were 1.42 times more likely to be encountered in sexual intercourse in the past one year of the study period (AOR = 1.42, 95% CI: 1.3, 2.53). Sex, age, living arrangement and income level, was identified as factors initiating to sexual intercourse in college students. Qualitative evidences show that, living condition, poor access of sexual reproductive services and ever increasing urbanization, poor attention towards STI are challenging preventive practices of STI among college students.

Generally, college students have good awareness and positive attitude towards STIs. However, there was a wide gap between knowledge and practice of the students regarding STIs. Greater attention should be paid to the college students improving the living conditions and access of services.

Bikila Regassa Feyisa*, Melese Chego Cheme and Bayise Biru
,,
Volume1-Issue7 | Published: 2020-11-02

FullText HTML FullText PDF

References


  1. Gerd G, Stephen K. Tyring. Sexually Transmitted Infections and Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2011. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-14663.
  2. World Health Organization. Global Health Sectors Strategy on Sexually Transmitted Infections. Towards ending STIs. 2016.
  3. World Health Organization. Report on globally sexually transmitted infection surveillance. ISBN 978 92 4 156530 1.
  4. Lauren ERG, Emma RF, Carrie DL. Talking about links between Sexually Transmitted infections and Infertility with College and University Students from SE England UK: A qualitative study. Reproductive health. 2013;10:47.
  5. Anna LL, Jami H, Leichliter, Venkatraman CM. Sexually Transmitted Infections services for adolescents and youths of low and middle-income countries: Perceived and experienced barriers to accessing care. Journal of Adolescent health. 2016;59:7-16.
  6. Katekaew S, Rattana S, Monchanok C, Ramesh K. The effect of sex education and life skills for preventive sexual risk behaviors among university of students in Thailand. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2017;29(4).
  7. Takele M, Ahmed AlI, Alemayehu W. Effects of peer education intervention on HIV/AIDS related sexual behaviors of secondary school students in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A quasi-experimental study. Reproductive Health. 2015; 2:84.
  8. Jeffrey VL, Henna SR, Ulrich LJ, Fiona W, Jerker L. Systematic Review of Interventions to Prevent the Spread of Sexually Transmitted Infections, Including HIV, Among Young People in Europe. Croat Med J. 2010;51:74-84.
  9. Amsale C, Yemane B. Peer Pressure Is the Prime Driver of Risky Sexual Behaviors among School Adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. World Journal of AIDS. 2012;2:159-164.
  10. Moges T. Substance abuse and sexual HIV-risk behaviour among Dilla University students, Ethiopia. Educational Research. 2014;5(9):368-374.
  11. Abenezer Y, Zekariyas S, Mulugeta M. Sexual and reproductive health experience, knowledge and problems among university students in Ambo, central Ethiopia. Reproductive Health. 2017;14:41. doi: 10.1186/s12978-017-0302-9.
  12. Tariku D, Lemessa O, Nega A. Patterns of sexual risk behavior among undergraduate university students in Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study. Pan African Medical Journal. 2012;12:33.
  13. Gurmesa T, Fessahaye A, Sisay D. Risky Sexual Behavior and Predisposing Factors among Students of Jimma Univeristy, Ethopia. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2012; 22(3):170-180.
  14. Elias LN. Determinants of Risky Sexual Behavior, Relation between HIV Risk Perception and Condom Utilization among Wollega University Students in Nekemte Town, Western Ethiopia. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal. 2014;3(3): 75-86.
  15. Tesfaye R, Dereje C, Emiru A. Premarital Sex in the last twelve months and its predictors among students of Wollega University, Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2016;26(4):351-358.
  16. Azwihangwisi HMM, Teka TA. The prevalence of risky sexual behaviors amongst undergarudate students in Jigjiga University, Ethiopia. Health SA Gesondheid. 2016;179-186.
  17. Nigatu Regassa, Seman Kedir. Attitudes and practices on HIV preventions among students of higher education institutions in Ethiopia: The case of Addis Ababa University. Educational Research (2011), 2 (2): 828-840.
  18. Likawunt S, Mulugeta TA. Substance use and sexual risk behavior and factors associated with HIV transmission in southern Ethiopia. Ijpsr. 2012;3(4):1080-1086.
  19. Marelign T, Gistane A. Factors associated with age at first sexual initiation among youth in Gamo Gofa, South West Ethiopia. A cross sectional study. BMC public health. 2013;13(622):1-6.
  20. Elias LN. Assessment of Risky Sexual Behaviors and risk perception among youths in Western Ethiopia: The influences of family and peers: A comparative cross sectional study. BMC Public health. 2014;14(301):1-12.
  21. Lukoye A, Prisca AM, Moses NN, Kiende CK, Evans MO. Prevalence of substance use among college students in Eldoret, western Kenya. BMC Psychiatry. 2011;11(34):1-9.
  22. Mudassir A, Syed ASS, Keivan A, Tahir MK. Awareness of school students on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and their sexual behavior: A cross-sectional study conducted in Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. BMC public health. 2010;10(47):1-6.
  23. Florence NSZ, Lena S, Hajo Z. Awareness and knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among school-going adolescents in Europe: A systematic review of published literature. BMC Public Health. 2011;11(727):1-12.
  24. Magreat JS, Milline M, Joseph O, Michael JM. Sexual behavior, Contaceptive Knowledge use among female under graduates” students of Muhinbili and Dares Salaam Universities. Tanzania: A cross sectional study. BMC Women’s health. 2014;14(94): 1-8.
  25. Alemayehu B, Assefa S. Premarital sexual practices and its predictors among in school youths of Shendi town, west Gojjam zone, North Western Ethiopia. Reproductive health. 2014;11(49):1-9.
  26. Wondemagegn M, Mulat y, Bayeh A. Sexual Behaviors and associated factors among students at Bahir Dar University. A cross sectional study. 2014;11(84):1-12.
  27. Yitayal S, Agersew A, Amanuel G, Afera Ge, Andarge K, Alemayehu G, Abebe A, et al. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and risk behaviors towards HIV/AIDS and other sexual transmitted infection among preparatory students of Gondar town, north west Ethiopia. BMC Research Notes. 2011 Nov;4(505):1-8.
  28. Elton C, Alicia O, Cathain, Elizabeth CG, Jennifer VF. Factors perceived to influence risky sexual behaviors among University students in the United Kingdom: A qualitative telephone interview study. BMC Public health. 2014 Oct;14(1055):1-7.
  29. Min C, Yong L,Jia L, Wenjie F, Nan H, Xiaofei Y, Jianjun L, et al. Comparison of Sexual Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior between Female Chinese College Students from Urban Areas and Rural Areas: A Hidden Challenge for HIV/AIDS Control in China. BioMed Research International. 2016;1-10. doi. 10.1155/2016/8175921
  30. Zhou H, Wang XY, Ye F, Gu HH, Zeng XPL, Wang Y. Contraceptive knowledge, attitudes and behavior about sexuality among college students in Beijing, China. Chinese Medical Journal. 2012;125(6):1153--1157.

Swift, Reliable, and studious. We aim to cherish the world by publishing precise knowledge.

  • Dimensions
  • zenodo
  • openaire
  • ICI-World
  • icmje
  •  International Scientific Indexing (ISI)
  • Sherpa Romeo
  • ResearchGate
  • Universidad De Lima
  • WorldCat
  • JCU Discovery
  • McGill
  • National University of Singepore Libraries
  • SearchIT
  • Scilit
  • SemantiScholar
  • Base Search
  • VU
  • KB
  • Publons
  • oaji
  • Harvard University
  • sjsu-library
  • UWLSearch
  • FIT
  • CrossRef
  • LUBsearch
  • BIUSante
  • Technical University of Denmark
  • ResearchBIB
  • Google Scholar
  • Microsoft Academic Search

 

 

COVID-19 alert